At present, there is a growing number of older population groups worldwide, which results in serious social and economic issues since some of these older people require special care. Therefore there is constant effort to maintain these older people active as long as possible. This might be done not only by pharmacological therapies, but especially by non-pharmacological approaches, among which brain training with the help of a computer seems a good solution. The purpose of this article is to explore available clinical studies implementing computer-based brain training programs as intervention tools in the prevention and delay of cognitive decline in aging, with special focus on their effectiveness. This was done by conducting a literature search in the databases Web of Science, Scopus, MEDLINE and ScienceDirect, and consequently by comparing and evaluating the findings of the selected studies. The findings show that that the exploited online brain (cognitive) training programs usually have a moderate positive effect on the delay of cognitive decline especially in the area of reasoning skills, working memory, and processing.
The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67615-9_4.