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Sensor-Free Affect Detection for a Simulation-Based Science Inquiry Learning Environment

Luc Paquette, Ryan S. J. D. Baker, Michael A. Sao Pedro, Janice D. Gobert, Lisa Rossi, Adam Nakama et al.


Towards Automatically Detecting Whether Student Is in Flow

Po-Ming LeeSin-Yu JhengTzu-Chien Hsiao


To Quit or Not to Quit: Predicting Future Behavioral Disengagement from Reading Patterns

Caitlin MillsNigel BoschArt GraesserSidney D’Mello


Predicting Affect from Gaze Data during Interaction with an Intelligent Tutoring System

Natasha Jaques, Cristina Conati, Jason M. Harley, Roger Azevedo


It’s Written on Your Face: Detecting Affective States from Facial Expressions while Learning Computer Programming

Nigel Bosch, Yuxuan Chen, Sidney D’Mello


Impact of Agent Role on Confusion Induction and Learning

Blair Lehman, Arthur Graesser



Multimodality and Metacognition


Automated Physiological-Based Detection of Mind Wandering during Learning

Nathaniel Blanchard, Robert Bixler, Tera Joyce, Sidney D’Mello


Knowledge Construction with Pseudo-haptics

Akihiro Kashihara, Go Shiota


A Tool for Integrating Log and Video Data for Exploratory Analysis and Model Generation

Victor Girotto, Elissa Thomas, Cecil Lozano, Kasia Muldner, Winslow Burleson, Erin Walker


Virtual Environment for Monitoring Emotional Behaviour in Driving

Claude Frasson, Pierre Olivier Brosseau, Thi Hong Dung Tran


The Affective Meta-Tutoring Project: Lessons Learned

Kurt VanLehn, Winslow Burleson, Sylvie Girard, Maria ElenaChavez-Echeagaray, Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez, Yoalli Hidalgo-Pontet et al.


Identifying Learning Conditions that Minimize Mind Wandering by Modeling Individual Attributes

Kristopher Kopp, Robert Bixler, Sidney D’Mello


Investigating the Effect of Meta-cognitive Scaffolding for Learning by Teaching

Noboru Matsuda, Cassondra L. Griger, Nikolaos Barbalios, Gabriel J. Stylianides, William W. Cohen, Kenneth R. Koedinger



Collaborative Learning


Togetherness: Multiple Pedagogical Conversational Agents as Companions in Collaborative Learning

Yugo Hayashi


What Works: Creating Adaptive and Intelligent Systems for Collaborative Learning Support

Nia M. Dowell, Whitney L. Cade, Yla Tausczik, James Pennebaker, Arthur C. Graesser


Using an Intelligent Tutoring System to Support Collaborative as well as Individual Learning

Jennifer K. Olsen, Daniel M. Belenky, Vincent Aleven, Nikol Rummel



Data Mining and Student Behavior


Bayesian Student Modeling Improved by Diagnostic Items

Yang Chen, Pierre-Henri Wuillemin, Jean-Marc Labat


Learning Bayesian Knowledge Tracing Parameters with a Knowledge Heuristic and Empirical Probabilities

William J. Hawkins, Neil T. Heffernan, Ryan S. J. D. Baker


Investigate Performance of Expected Maximization on the Knowledge Tracing Model

Junjie Gu, Hang Cai, Joseph E. Beck



Data Mining and Student Behavior


Understanding Wheel Spinning in the Context of Affective Factors

Joseph Beck, Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo


The Usefulness of Log Based Clustering in a Complex Simulation Environment

Samad Kardan, Ido Roll, Cristina Conati


Survival Analysis on Duration Data in Intelligent Tutors

Michael Eagle, Tiffany Barnes


Beyond Knowledge Tracing: Modeling Skill Topologies with Bayesian Networks

Tanja Käser, Severin Klingler, Alexander Gerhard Schwing, Markus Gross



Dialogue and Discourse


Identifying Effective Moves in Tutoring: On the Refinement of Dialogue Act Annotation Schemes

Alexandria Katarina Vail, Kristy Elizabeth Boyer


When Is Tutorial Dialogue More Effective Than Step-Based Tutoring?

Min Chi, Pamela Jordan, Kurt VanLehn


Predicting Student Learning from Conversational Cues

David Adamson, Akash Bharadwaj, Ashudeep Singh, Colin Ashe, David Yaron, Carolyn P. Rosé


Validating the Automated Assessment of Participation and of Collaboration in Chat Conversations

Mihai Dascalu, Ştefan Trausan-Matu, Philippe Dessus


Context-Based Speech Act Classification in Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Borhan Samei, Haiying Li, Fazel Keshtkar, Vasile Rus, Arthur C. Graesser


Macro-adaptation in Conversational Intelligent Tutoring Matters

Vasile Rus, Dan Stefanescu, William Baggett, Nobal Niraula, Don Franceschetti, Arthur C. Graesser


An Evaluation of Self-explanation in a Programming Tutor

Amruth N. Kumar


Identifying Thesis and Conclusion Statements in Student Essays to Scaffold Peer Review

Mohammad Hassan Falakmasir, Kevin D. Ashley, Christian D. Schunn, Diane J. Litman


Can Diagrams Predict Essay Grades?

Collin F. Lynch, Kevin D. Ashley, Min Chi


Toward Automatic Inference of Causal Structure in Student Essays

Peter Hastings, Simon Hughes, Anne Britt, Dylan Blaum, Patty Wallace


Classroom Evaluation of a Scaffolding Intervention for Improving Peer Review Localization

Huy Nguyen, Wenting Xiong, Diane Litman


Comprehension SEEDING: Comprehension through Self Explanation, Enhanced Discussion, and INquiry Generation

Frank Paiva, James Glenn, Karen Mazidi, Robert Talbot, Ruth Wylie, Michelene T. H. Chi et al.



Generating Hints, Scaffolds, and Questions


Pedagogical Evaluation of Automatically Generated Questions

Karen Mazidi, Rodney D. Nielsen


Content-Dependent Question Generation for History Learning in Semantic Open Learning Space

Corentin Jouault, Kazuhisa Seta


Data-Driven Program Synthesis for Hint Generation in Programming Tutors

Timotej Lazar, Ivan Bratko


Building Games to Learn from Their Players: Generating Hints in a Serious Game

Andrew Hicks, Barry Peddycord III, Tiffany Barnes


Evaluation of Guided-Planning and Assisted-Coding with Task Relevant Dynamic Hinting

Wei Jin, Albert Corbett, Will Lloyd, Lewis Baumstark, Christine Rolka


Automating Hint Generation with Solution Space Path Construction

Kelly Rivers, Kenneth R. Koedinger


How to Select an Example? A Comparison of Selection Strategies in Example-Based Learning

Sebastian Gross, Bassam Mokbel, Barbara Hammer, Niels Pinkwart


Students’ Adaptation and Transfer of Strategies across Levels of Scaffolding in an Exploratory Environment

Ido Roll, Nikki Yee, Adriana Briseno


Exploring the Assistance Dilemma: Comparing Instructional Support in Examples and Problems

Bruce M. McLaren, Tamara van Gog, Craig Ganoe, David Yaron, Michael Karabinos


A Systematic Approach for Providing Personalized Pedagogical Recommendations Based on Educational Data Mining

Ranilson Oscar Araujo Paiva, Ig Ibert Bittencourt Santa Pinto, Alan Pedro da Silva, Seiji Isotani, Patricia Jaques



Game-Based Learning and Simulation


ToneWars: Connecting Language Learners and Native Speakers through Collaborative Mobile Games

Andrew Head, Yi Xu, Jingtao Wang


Gamification of Joint Student/System Control over Problem Selection in a Linear Equation Tutor

Yanjin Long, Vincent Aleven


Replay Penalties in Cognitive Games

Matthew W. Easterday, I. Yelee Jo


Use of a Cognitive Simulator to Enhance Students’ Mental Simulation Activities

Kazuhisa Miwa, Jyunya Morita, Hitoshi Terai, Nana Kanzaki, Kazuaki Kojima, Ryuichi Nakaike et al.


Towards an Ontology for Gamifying Collaborative Learning Scenarios

Geiser Chalco Challco, Dilvan Moreira, Riichiro Mizoguchi, Seiji Isotani


Serious Games Go Informal: A Museum-Centric Perspective on Intelligent Game-Based Learning

Jonathan P. Rowe, Eleni V. Lobene, Bradford W. Mott, James C. Lester



Graphical Representations and Learning


Animated Presentation of Pictorial and Concept Map Media in Biology

Whitney L. Cade, Jaclyn K. Maass, Patrick Hays, Andrew M. Olney


Multi-methods Approach for Domain-Specific Grounding: An ITS for Connection Making in Chemistry

Martina A. Rau, Amanda L. Evenstone


Modeling Student Benefit from Illustrations and Graphs

Michael Lipschultz, Diane Litman


Towards Assessing and Grading Learner Created Conceptual Models

Bert Bredeweg, Christina Th. Nicolaou, Jochem Liem, Constantinos P. Constantinou


StaticsTutor: Free Body Diagram Tutor for Problem Framing

Enruo Guo, Stephen Gilbert, John Jackman, Gloria Starns, Mathew Hagge, LeAnn Faidley et al.



Student Strategies and Problem Solving


Are Automatically Identified Reading Strategies Reliable Predictors of Comprehension?

Mihai Dascalu, Philippe Dessus, Maryse Bianco, Stefan Trausan-Matu


Modeling Strategy Use in an Intelligent Tutoring System: Implications for Strategic Flexibility

Caitlin Tenison, Christopher J. MacLellan


Assessing Student Performance in a Computational-Thinking Based Science Learning Environment

Satabdi Basu, John S. Kinnebrew, Gautam Biswas


A Student Model for Teaching Natural Deduction Based on a Prover That Mimics Student Reasoning

João Carlos Gluz, Fabiane Penteado, Marcel Mossmann, Lucas Gomes, Rosa Vicari


The Effect of Automatic Reassessment and Relearning on Assessing Student Long-Term Knowledge in Mathematics

Yutao Wang, Neil T. Heffernan


Predicting Student Performance in Solving Parameterized Exercises

Shaghayegh Sahebi, Yun Huang, Peter Brusilovsky


A Study of Exploring Different Schedules of Spacing and Retrieval Interval on Mathematics Skills in ITS Environment

Xiaolu Xiong, Joseph E. Beck



Scaling ITS and Assessment


Towards Providing Notifications to Enhance Teacher’s Awareness in the Classroom

Roberto Martinez-Maldonado, Andrew Clayphan, Kalina Yacef, Judy Kay


Survey Sidekick: Structuring Scientifically Sound Surveys

I-Han Hsiao, Shuguang Han, Manav Malhotra, Hui Soo Chae, Gary Natriello


Authoring Tools for Collaborative Intelligent Tutoring System Environments

Jennifer K. Olsen, Daniel M. Belenky, Vincent Aleven, Nikol Rummel, Jonathan Sewall, Michael Ringenberg


A System Architecture for Affective Meta Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez, Maria Elena Chavez-Echeagaray, Kurt VanLehn, Winslow Burleson, Sylvie Girard, Yoalli Hidalgo-Pontet et al.


Towards Automatically Building Tutor Models Using Multiple Behavior Demonstrations

Rohit Kumar, Matthew E. Roy, R. Bruce Roberts, John I. Makhoul


Testing Language Independence in the Semiautomatic Construction of Educational Ontologies

Angel Conde, Mikel Larrañaga, Ana Arruarte, Jon A. Elorriaga


Authoring Tutors with SimStudent: An Evaluation of Efficiency and Model Quality

Christopher J. MacLellan, Kenneth R. Koedinger, Noboru Matsuda


Implementation of an Intelligent Tutoring System for Online Homework Support in an Efficacy Trial

Mingyu Feng, Jeremy Roschelle, Neil Heffernan, Janet Fairman, Robert Murphy


An Intelligent LMS Model Based on Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Cecilia Estela Giuffra Palomino, Ricardo Azambuja Silveira, Marina Keiko Nakayama


Designing an Interactive Teaching Tool with ABML Knowledge Refinement Loop

Matej Zapušek, Martin Možina, Ivan Bratko, Jože Rugelj, Matej Guid


Barriers to ITS Adoption: A Systematic Mapping Study

Benjamin D. Nye


Towards Scalable Assessment of Performance-Based Skills: Generalizing a Detector of Systematic Science Inquiry to a Simulation with a Complex Structure

Michael A. Sao Pedro, Janice D. Gobert, Cameron G. Betts


Automatic Scoring of an Analytical Response-To-Text Assessment

Zahra Rahimi, Diane J. Litman, Richard Correnti, Lindsay Clare Matsumura, Elaine Wang, Zahid Kisa